This chapter provides an overview of the various analytical techniques used by mineralogists to determine the chemical makeup of minerals. Often, several different techniques must be used to conclusively determine the chemical formula for a mineral. An overview of 11 different analytical methods is provided, with detailed citations noted for additional reading. The chapter emphasizes how each technique contributes information to help understand mineral composition.
Topics covered in Chapter 9 include:
• Wet Chemical Analysis
• "Water Content" of Minerals and Hydrogen Extraction
• Inductively-Coupled Plasma (ICP) and Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS)
• X-ray Fluorescence (XRF)
• Electron Microprobe and the Scanning Electron Microscopy
• Ion Microprobes
• Proton-Induced Emission Spectroscopy
• Neutron Activation Analysis
• Mössbauer Spectroscopy
• Visible and Infrared Spectroscopy
• Raman Spectroscopy
This Mineralogy and Optical Mineralogy Series is specifically designed to take full advantage of digital media technology to empower students and teachers of mineralogy. Using color photographs, illustrations, movies, 3D models that can be rotated, interactive diagrams, and review questions, this series makes a challenging subject approachable. Also, each chapter in the series is available separately allowing the reader to pick and choose only those chapters they need for their specific course.